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AUSCERT External Security Bulletin Redistribution
ESB-2001.089 -- CERT Summary CS-2001-01
1 March 2001
AusCERT Security Bulletin Summary
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CERT Summary CS-2001-01
February 28, 2001
Each quarter, the CERT Coordination Center (CERT/CC) issues the CERT
Summary to draw attention to the types of attacks reported to our
incident response team, as well as other noteworthy incident and
vulnerability information. The summary includes pointers to sources of
information for dealing with the problems.
Past CERT summaries are available from:
Since the last regularly scheduled CERT summary, issued in November
2000 (CS-2000-04), we have seen continued compromises via well-known
vulnerabilities in rpc.statd and FTPD, as well as exploitations of
recently discovered vulnerabilities in BIND and LPRng. Notable virus
activity includes W32/Hybris and VBS/OnTheFly (Anna Kournakova).
For more current information on activity being reported to the
CERT/CC, please visit the CERT/CC Current Activity page. The Current
Activity page is a regularly updated summary of the most frequent,
high-impact types of security incidents and vulnerabilities being
reported to the CERT/CC. The information on the Current Activity page
is reviewed and updated as reporting trends change.
CERT/CC Current Activity
1. Multiple Vulnerabilities in BIND
The CERT/CC has learned of four vulnerabilities spanning multiple
versions of the Internet Software Consortium's (ISC) Berkeley
Internet Name Domain (BIND) server. BIND is an implementation of
the Domain Name System (DNS) that is maintained by the ISC.
Because the majority of name servers in operation today run BIND,
these vulnerabilities present a serious threat to the Internet
infrastructure. The CERT/CC has begun receiving reports of these
vulnerabilities being successfully exploited. Sites are encouraged
to follow the advice in CA-2001-02 to protect systems.
CERT Advisory CA-2001-01 Multiple Vulnerabilities in BIND
2. Compromises Via Ramen Toolkit
The CERT/CC has received reports from sites that have recovered an
intruder toolkit called 'ramen' from compromised hosts. Ramen has
been discussed in several public forums and the toolkit is
publicly available. Ramen exploits known vulnerabilities in FTPD,
rpc.statd, and LPRng; and it contains a mechanism to
self-propagate. Over the past several months we have received
multiple daily reports of sites being root compromised by the
Ramen toolkit. Sites, especially those running Linux, are
encouraged to review the following document:
CERT Incident Note IN-2001-01, Widespread Compromises via
3. Input Validation Problems in LPRng
A popular replacement software package to the BSD lpd printing
service called LPRng contains at least one software defect, known
as a "format string vulnerability," which may allow remote users
to execute arbitrary code on vulnerable systems. Sites are
encouraged to follow the advice in CA-2000-22 to protect systems.
CERT Advisory CA-2000-22 Input Validation Problems in
4. VBS/OnTheFly (Anna Kournikova) Malicious Code
The "VBS/OnTheFly" malicious code is a VBScript program that, when
executed, sends a copy of itself as an email file attachment.
On February 12, the CERT Coordination Center received a large
number of reports from sites infected with VBS/OnTheFly. Several
of the sites reported suffering network degradation as a result of
mail traffic generated by VBS/OnTheFly. The CERT/CC has received
few reports since the initial outbreak.
For information on how to prevent or recover from a VBS/OnTheFly
infection, please see:
CERT Advisory CA-2001-03 VBS/OnTheFly (Anna Kournikova)
New Vulnerability Notes Database
On December 15, 2000, the CERT/CC began publishing vulnerability notes
in a new format, and at a new location. Vulnerability notes are very
similar to advisories, but they may have less complete information and
solutions may not be available for all the vulnerabilities described
in vulnerability notes. There are currently more than 70 vulnerability
notes available in the database. We will continue publishing
vulnerability notes in accordance with our vulnerability disclosure
policy. Vulnerability notes can be found at:
The CERT Coordination Center Vulnerability Notes Database
What's New and Updated
Since the last CERT summary, we have published new and updated
* Incident notes
* CERT/CC statistics
* Security improvement modules
Descriptions of these documents and links to them can be found on our
"What's New" page:
This document is available from:
CERT/CC Contact Information
Phone: +1 412-268-7090 (24-hour hotline)
Fax: +1 412-268-6989
CERT Coordination Center
Software Engineering Institute
Carnegie Mellon University
Pittsburgh PA 15213-3890
CERT personnel answer the hotline 08:00-20:00 EST(GMT-5) / EDT(GMT-4)
Monday through Friday; they are on call for emergencies during other
hours, on U.S. holidays, and on weekends.
We strongly urge you to encrypt sensitive information sent by email.
Our public PGP key is available from
If you prefer to use DES, please call the CERT hotline for more
Getting security information
CERT publications and other security information are available from
our web site
To subscribe to the CERT mailing list for advisories and bulletins,
send email to email@example.com. Please include in the body of your
* "CERT" and "CERT Coordination Center" are registered in the U.S.
Patent and Trademark Office.
Any material furnished by Carnegie Mellon University and the Software
Engineering Institute is furnished on an "as is" basis. Carnegie
Mellon University makes no warranties of any kind, either expressed or
implied as to any matter including, but not limited to, warranty of
fitness for a particular purpose or merchantability, exclusivity or
results obtained from use of the material. Carnegie Mellon University
does not make any warranty of any kind with respect to freedom from
patent, trademark, or copyright infringement.
Conditions for use, disclaimers, and sponsorship information
Copyright (C) 2001 Carnegie Mellon University.
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This security bulletin is provided as a service to AusCERT's members. As
AusCERT did not write the document quoted above, AusCERT has had no control
over its content. The decision to use any or all of this information is
the responsibility of each user or organisation, and should be done so in
accordance with site policies and procedures.
NOTE: This is only the original release of the security bulletin. It may
not be updated when updates to the original are made. If downloading at
a later date, it is recommended that the bulletin is retrieved directly
from the original authors to ensure that the information is still current.
Contact information for the authors of the original document is included
in the Security Bulletin above. If you have any questions or need further
information, please contact them directly.
Previous advisories and external security bulletins can be retrieved from:
If you believe that your system has been compromised, contact AusCERT or
your representative in FIRST (Forum of Incident Response and Security
Internet Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Facsimile: (07) 3365 7031
Telephone: (07) 3365 4417 (International: +61 7 3365 4417)
AusCERT personnel answer during Queensland business hours
which are GMT+10:00 (AEST).
On call after hours for emergencies.
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