Operating System:


23 April 2001

Protect yourself against future threats.


             AUSCERT External Security Bulletin Redistribution

           ESB-2001.164 -- FreeBSD-SA-01:33.ftpd-glob [REVISED]
                      globbing vulnerability in ftpd
                               24 April 2001


        AusCERT Security Bulletin Summary

Product:                ftpd
Vendor:                 FreeBSD
Operating System:       FreeBSD 3.x (all releases)
                        FreeBSD 4.x (all releases)
                        FreeBSD 3.5-STABLE
                        FreeBSD 4.3-RC (prior to the correction date)
Impact:                 Execute Arbitrary Code/Commands
                        Root Compromise
Access Required:        Remote

Ref:                    ESB-2001.155

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FreeBSD-SA-01:33                                           Security Advisory
                                                                FreeBSD, Inc.

Topic:          globbing vulnerability in ftpd [REVISED]

Category:       core
Module:         ftpd/libc
Announced:      2001-04-17
Revised:        2001-04-19
Credits:        John McDonald and Anthony Osborne, COVERT Labs
Affects:        FreeBSD 3.x (all releases), FreeBSD 4.x (all releases),
                FreeBSD 3.5-STABLE and 4.3-RC prior to the
                correction date.
Corrected:      2001-04-17 (FreeBSD 4.3-RC)
                2001-04-17 (FreeBSD 3.5-STABLE)
Vendor status:  Corrected
FreeBSD only:   NO

0.   Revision History

2001-04-17  v1.0  Initial release
2001-04-19  v1.1  Corrected patch and patch instructions

I.   Background

Numerous FTP daemons, including the daemon distributed with FreeBSD,
use server-side globbing to expand pathnames via user input.  This
globbing is performed by FreeBSD's glob() implementation in libc.

II.  Problem Description

The glob() function contains potential buffer overflows that may be
exploitable through the FTP daemon.  If a directory with a name of
a certain length is present, a remote user specifying a pathname
using globbing characters may cause arbitrary code to be executed
on the FTP server as user running ftpd, usually root.

Additionally, when given a path containing numerous globbing
characters, the glob() functions may consume significant system
resources when expanding the path.  This can be controlled by
setting user limits via /etc/login.conf and setting limits on
globbing expansion.

All versions of FreeBSD prior to the correction date, including
FreeBSD 3.5.1 and 4.2 contain this problem.  The base system that
will ship with FreeBSD 4.3 does not contain this problem since it
was corrected before the release.

III. Impact

Remote users may be able to execute arbitrary code on the FTP server
as the user running ftpd, usually root.

The FTP daemon supplied with FreeBSD is enabled by default to allow
access to authorized local users and not anonymous users, thus
limiting the impact to authorized local users.

IV.  Workaround

If the FTP daemon is executed from inetd, disable the FTP daemon by
commenting out the ftp line in /etc/inetd.conf, then reload the
inetd configuration by executing the following command as root:

# killall -HUP inetd

V.   Solution

One of the following:

1) Upgrade to FreeBSD 4.3-RC or 3.5.1-STABLE after the correction

2) Download the patch and detached PGP signature from the following

The following patch applies to FreeBSD 4.x:

# fetch ftp://ftp.freebsd.org/pub/FreeBSD/CERT/patches/SA-01:33/glob.4.x.patch
# fetch ftp://ftp.freebsd.org/pub/FreeBSD/CERT/patches/SA-01:33/glob.4.x.patch.asc

The following patch applies to FreeBSD 3.x:

# fetch ftp://ftp.freebsd.org/pub/FreeBSD/CERT/patches/SA-01:33/glob.3.x.patch
# fetch ftp://ftp.freebsd.org/pub/FreeBSD/CERT/patches/SA-01:33/glob.3.x.patch.asc

Verify the detached signature using your PGP utility.

Issue the following commands as root:

# cd /usr/src
# patch -p < /path/to/patch
# cp /usr/src/include/glob.h /usr/include/
# cd /usr/src/lib/libc
# make all install
# cd /usr/src/libexec/ftpd
# make all install

If the FTP daemon is running standalone, it will have to be manually
stopped and restarted.
Version: GnuPG v1.0.4 (FreeBSD)
Comment: For info see http://www.gnupg.org


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