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             AUSCERT External Security Bulletin Redistribution

           ESB-2002.182 -- Microsoft Security Bulletin MS02-019
          Unchecked Buffer in Internet Explorer and Office for Mac 
                     Can Cause Code to Execute (Q321309)
                               17 April 2002

===========================================================================

        AusCERT Security Bulletin Summary
        ---------------------------------

Product:                Internet Explorer 5.1
                        Outlook Express 5.0
                        Office v. X
                        Office 2001
                        PowerPoint 98
Vendor:                 Microsoft
Platform:               Macintosh
Impact:                 Execute Arbitrary Code/Commands
Access Required:        Remote

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Title:      Unchecked Buffer in Internet Explorer and Office for 
            Mac Can Cause Code to Execute (Q321309)
Date:       16 April 2002
Software:   Microsoft Internet Explorer 5.1 for Macintosh, Microsoft
            Outlook Express 5.0 for Macintosh, Microsoft Office v. X,
            for Macintosh, Microsoft Office 2001 for Macintosh,
            Microsoft PowerPoint 98 for Macintosh
Impact:     Run Code of Attacker's Choice
Max Risk:   Critical
Bulletin:   MS02-019

Microsoft encourages customers to review the Security Bulletin at: 
http://www.microsoft.com/technet/security/bulletin/MS02-019.asp.
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Issue:
======
This is a cumulative patch that, when applied, eliminates all
previously released security vulnerabilities affecting IE 5.1 for
Macintosh, and Office v. X for Macintosh. In addition, it eliminates
two newly discovered vulnerabilities. 

 - The first is a buffer overrun vulnerability associated with the
   handling of a particular HTML element. Because of support for
   HTML in Office applications, this flaw affects both IE and Office
   for Macintosh. A security vulnerability results because an
   attacker can levy a buffer overrun attack against IE that attempts
   to exploit this flaw. A successful attack would have the result of
   causing the program to fail, or to cause code of the attacker's
   choice to run as if it were the user. 

 - The second is a vulnerability that can allow local AppleScripts
   to be invoked by a web page. This vulnerability can allow locally
   stored AppleScripts to be invoked automatically without first
   calling the Helper application. The AppleScripts would run as if
   they had been launched by the user, and could take the same
   actions as any AppleScript legitimately launched by the user.
   The AppleScript would have to already be present on the system;
   there is no way for an attacker to deliver an AppleScript of her
   choosing through this vulnerability.

Mitigating Factors:
====================
Unchecked Buffer in HTML Element: 

 - Successfully exploiting this issue with Office files requires
   that a user accept files from an unknown or untrusted source.
   Users should never accept files unknown or untrusted sources.
   Accepting files only from trusted sources can prevent attempts
   to exploit this issue. 

 - A successful attack using HTML email would require specific
   knowledge of the user's mail client and cannot be mounted against
   PC users. 

 - A successful attack using an HTML web page would require the
   attacker to lure the user to visiting a site under her control.
   Users who exercise caution in their browsing habits can
   potentially protect themselves from attempts to exploit this
   vulnerability. 

 - On operating systems that enforce security on per-user basis,
   such as Mac OS X, the specific actions that an attacker's code
   can take would be limited to those allowed by the privileges of
   the user's account. 

Local AppleScript Invocation: 

 - The vulnerability only affects IE on Mac OS 8 & 9. 

 - A successful attack requires that the attacker know the full path
   and file name of any AppleScript they want to invoke.
 
 - The vulnerability provides no means to deliver an AppleScript of
   the attacker's construction: it can only invoke AppleScripts
   already present on the user's system.

Risk Rating:
============
 - Internet systems: None
 - Intranet systems: None
 - Client systems: Critical

Patch Availability:
===================
 - A patch is available to fix this vulnerability. Please read the 
   Security Bulletin at
   http://www.microsoft.com/technet/security/bulletin/ms02-019.asp
   for information on obtaining this patch.

Acknowledgment:
===============
 - Josha Bronson of AngryPacket Security 
   (http://sec.angrypacket.com/) and w00w00 
   (http://www.w00w00.org/).

- - ---------------------------------------------------------------------

THE INFORMATION PROVIDED IN THE MICROSOFT KNOWLEDGE BASE IS 
PROVIDED "AS IS" WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND. MICROSOFT DISCLAIMS
ALL 
WARRANTIES, EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING THE 
WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
IN NO EVENT 
SHALL MICROSOFT CORPORATION OR ITS SUPPLIERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY
DAMAGES 
WHATSOEVER INCLUDING DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, CONSEQUENTIAL,
LOSS OF 
BUSINESS PROFITS OR SPECIAL DAMAGES, EVEN IF MICROSOFT CORPORATION OR
ITS 
SUPPLIERS HAVE BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES. SOME
STATES DO 
NOT ALLOW THE EXCLUSION OR LIMITATION OF LIABILITY FOR CONSEQUENTIAL
OR 
INCIDENTAL DAMAGES SO THE FOREGOING LIMITATION MAY NOT APPLY.

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