Operating System:


24 February 2003

Protect yourself against future threats.


             AUSCERT External Security Bulletin Redistribution

                  ESB-2003.0116 -- Cisco Security Notice
                 Cisco response to Cisco IOS OSPF exploit
                             24 February 2003


        AusCERT Security Bulletin Summary

Product:                Cisco IOS 11.1 to 12.0 inclusive
Vendor:                 Cisco Systems
Impact:                 Denial of Service
Access Required:        Remote

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Hash: SHA1

The Cisco PSIRT just responded to a recent posting on the BUGTRAQ mailing 
list regarding CSCdp58462.  The original post may be found at


Our response is attached.


- - -Mike-

- - -- 
- - ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
|      ||        ||       | Mike Caudill              | mcaudill@cisco.com |
|      ||        ||       | PSIRT Incident Manager    | 919.392.2855       |
|     ||||      ||||      | DSS PGP: 0xEBBD5271       | 919.522.4931 (cell)|
| ..:||||||:..:||||||:..  | RSA PGP: 0xF482F607       ---------------------|
| C i s c o S y s t e m s | http://www.cisco.com/go/psirt                  |
- - ----------------------------------------------------------------------------

Version: PGP 6.5.2


>From mcaudill@cisco.com Fri Feb 21 17:29:54 2003
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>From: Mike Caudill <mcaudill@cisco.com>
>Message-Id: <200302212229.h1LMToD25063@rtp-cse-184.cisco.com>
>Subject: Re: Cisco IOS OSPF exploit
>To: fx@phenoelit.de (FX)
>Date: Fri, 21 Feb 2003 17:29:50 -0500 (EST)
>Cc: bugtraq@securityfocus.com, darklab@darklab.org,
>   mcaudill@cisco.com (Mike Caudill), gaus@cisco.com (Damir Rajnovic),
>   psirt@cisco.com
>In-Reply-To: <20030220164519.GC282@echelon.cluster.phenoelit.de> from "FX" at Feb 20, 2003 05:45:19 PM
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Hash: SHA1

Cisco can confirm the statement made by FX from Phenoelit in his message 
"Cisco IOS OSPF exploit" posted on 2003-Feb-20. The OSPF implementation in 
certain Cisco IOS versions is vulnerable to a denial of service if it 
receives a flood of neighbor announcements in which more than 255 hosts 
try to establish a neighbor relationship per interface.

One workaround for this issue is to configure OSPF MD5 authentication.
This may be done per interface or per area.

Another possible workaround is to apply inbound access lists to explicitly 
allow certain OSPF neighbors only:
access-list 100 permit ospf host a.b.c.x host                         
access-list 100 permit ospf host a.b.c.x host interface_ip                      
access-list 100 permit ospf host a.b.c.y host                         
access-list 100 permit ospf host a.b.c.y host interface_ip                      
access-list 100 permit ospf host a.b.c.z host                         
access-list 100 permit ospf host a.b.c.z host interface_ip                      
access-list 100 permit ospf any host                                  
access-list 100 deny ospf any any                                               
access-list 100 permit ip any any                                               

Cisco IOS Versions 11.1 - 12.0 are subject to this vulnerability.
This bug has been resolved.  The following versions of Cisco IOS software
are the first fixed releases, meaning that any subsequent releases also 
contain the fix:



We would like to thank FX for his continued cooperation with us in the 
spirit of responsible disclosure and working to increase awareness of 
security issues.

For information on working with the Cisco PSIRT regarding potential security
issues, please see our contact information at 


Thank you,

- - -Mike-

> Hi there,
> attached you may find the exploit for the Cisco IOS bug ID CSCdp58462. The bug
> is long fixed, so if you still run OSPF on a old version of IOS, now is a good
> time to give your routers some attention.
> FX 
> -- 
>          FX           <fx@phenoelit.de>
>       Phenoelit   (http://www.phenoelit.de)
> 672D 64B2 DE42 FCF7 8A5E E43B C0C1 A242 6D63 B564
> /* Cisco IOS IO memory exploit prove of concept 
>  * by FX of Phenoelit <fx@phenoelit.de>
>  * http://www.phenoelit.de
>  *
>  * For: 
>  * 	19C3 Chaos Communication Congress 2002 / Berlin
>  * 	BlackHat Briefings Seattle 2003
>  * 
>  * Cisco IOS 11.2.x to 12.0.x OSPF neighbor overflow
>  * Cisco Bug CSCdp58462 causes more than 255 OSPF neighbors to overflow a IO memory
>  * structure (small buffer header). The attached program is a PoC to exploit 
>  * this vulnerability by executing "shell code" on the router and write the 
>  * attached configuration into NVRAM to basicaly own the router. 
>  *

- - -- 
- - ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
|      ||        ||       | Mike Caudill              | mcaudill@cisco.com |
|      ||        ||       | PSIRT Incident Manager    | 919.392.2855       |
|     ||||      ||||      | DSS PGP: 0xEBBD5271       | 919.522.4931 (cell)|
| ..:||||||:..:||||||:..  | RSA PGP: 0xF482F607       ---------------------|
| C i s c o S y s t e m s | http://www.cisco.com/go/psirt                  |
- - ----------------------------------------------------------------------------

Version: PGP 6.5.2


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