Hash: SHA1

             AUSCERT External Security Bulletin Redistribution

             pkg bootstrapping, configuration and public keys
                                20 May 2014


        AusCERT Security Bulletin Summary

Product:           pkg
Publisher:         FreeBSD
Operating System:  FreeBSD
Impact/Access:     Provide Misleading Information -- Remote with User Interaction
Resolution:        Patch/Upgrade

Original Bulletin: 

- --------------------------BEGIN INCLUDED TEXT--------------------

Hash: SHA512

FreeBSD-EN-14:03.pkg                                            Errata Notice
                                                          The FreeBSD Project

Topic:          pkg bootstrapping, configuration and public keys

Category:       core, packages
Module:         pkg
Announced:      2014-05-13
Credits:        Baptiste Daroussin, Bryan Drewery
Affects:        All versions of FreeBSD prior to 10.0-RELEASE
Corrected:      2014-04-15 23:40:47 UTC (stable/8, 8.4-STABLE)
                2014-05-13 23:24:32 UTC (releng/8.4, 8.4-RELEASE-p10)
                2014-03-11 14:48:44 UTC (stable/9, 9.2-STABLE)
                2014-05-13 23:24:14 UTC (releng/9.2, 9.2-RELEASE-p6)
                2014-05-13 23:24:14 UTC (releng/9.1, 9.1-RELEASE-p13)

For general information regarding FreeBSD Errata Notices and Security
Advisories, including descriptions of the fields above, security
branches, and the following sections, please visit

I.   Background

The pkg(7) utility is the new package management tool for FreeBSD.  The
FreeBSD project has provided official pkg(7) packages since October 2013
and signed packages since the pkg-1.2 release in November 2013.  The
signature checking requires known public keys to be installed locally.
The repository configuration must be installed as well.

The base system also includes a pkg(7) bootstrap tool that installs the
latest real pkg(7) package.  The bootstrap tool knows where to find the
official pkg(7) package but once that is installed the real pkg(7) will
not know where to find official packages, nor have the known public key
for signature checking.

The bootstrap tool was also improved in 10.0-RELEASE to check the
signature on the pkg(7) package it is installing.

II.  Problem Description

Only FreeBSD 10.0 has been released with the official repository
configuration, known public keys, and a bootstrap tool that checks the
signature of the pkg(7) package it is installing.

To allow packages to be used on a system, the configuration must be
manually setup and keys securely fetched and installed to the proper

III. Impact

Releases before 10.0 require manual configuration.  Manually configuring the
pkg(7) signatures could result in insecurely installing the keys or leaving
the signature checking disabled.

The bootstrap tool is not secure on releases prior to 10.0 due to not checking
the signature and could result in having an unofficial pkg(7) installed due to
MITM attacks.

IV.  Workaround

To securely install pkg(7) on releases prior to 10.0, install it from ports
obtained from a secure portsnap checkout:

# portsnap fetch extract
# echo "WITH_PKGNG=yes" >> /etc/make.conf
# make -C /usr/ports/ports-mgmt/pkg install clean

If this is an existing system it may be converted to pkg(7) as well by running:

# pkg2ng

After this is done /usr/ports may be removed if no longer required.

To workaround the configuration and keys being missed, apply the solution in
this Errata.

V.   Solution

No solution is provided for pkg(7) bootstrap signature checking on releases prior
to 10.0.  Upgrading to 10.0 or stable/9 after r263038 will suffice.

To install the configuration and public key in a secure means, perform one of
the following:

1) Upgrade your system to a supported FreeBSD stable or release / security
branch (releng) dated after the correction date.

2) To update your present system via a source code patch:

The following patches have been verified to apply to the applicable
FreeBSD release branches.

a) Download the relevant patch from the location below, and verify the
detached PGP signature using your PGP utility.

[FreeBSD 9.2]
# fetch http://security.FreeBSD.org/patches/EN-14:03/pkg-en-releng-9.2.patch
# fetch http://security.FreeBSD.org/patches/EN-14:10/pkg-en-releng-9.2.patch.asc
# gpg --verify pkg-en-releng-9.2.patch.asc

[FreeBSD 9.1]
# fetch http://security.FreeBSD.org/patches/EN-14:03/pkg-en-releng-9.1.patch
# fetch http://security.FreeBSD.org/patches/EN-14:10/pkg-en-releng-9.1.patch.asc
# gpg --verify pkg-en-releng-9.1.patch.asc

[FreeBSD 8.4]
# fetch http://security.FreeBSD.org/patches/EN-14:03/pkg-en-releng-8.4.patch
# fetch http://security.FreeBSD.org/patches/EN-14:03/pkg-en-releng-8.4.patch.asc
# gpg --verify pkg-en-releng-8.4.patch.asc

b) Execute the following commands as root:

# cd /usr/src
# patch < /path/to/patch
# cd /usr/src/etc/pkg
# mkdir -p /etc/pkg /usr/share/keys/pkg/trusted /usr/share/keys/pkg/revoked
# make install
# cd /usr/src/share/keys/pkg
# make install

3) To update your system via a binary patch:

Systems running a RELEASE version of FreeBSD on the i386 or amd64
platforms can be updated via the freebsd-update(8) utility:

# freebsd-update fetch
# freebsd-update install

VI.  Correction details

The following list contains the revision numbers of each file that was
corrected in FreeBSD.

Branch/path                                                      Revision
- - -------------------------------------------------------------------------
stable/8/                                                         r264519
releng/8.4/                                                       r265989
stable/9/                                                         r263937 (*)
releng/9.1/                                                       r265988
releng/9.2/                                                       r265988
- - -------------------------------------------------------------------------

(*) The actual required changeset consists a series of changes, including
r263023,r258550,r263050,r263053 and r263937.

To see which files were modified by a particular revision, run the
following command, replacing NNNNNN with the revision number, on a
machine with Subversion installed:

# svn diff -cNNNNNN --summarize svn://svn.freebsd.org/base

Or visit the following URL, replacing NNNNNN with the revision number:


VII. References

The latest revision of this Errata Notice is available at
Version: GnuPG v2.0.22 (FreeBSD)


- --------------------------END INCLUDED TEXT--------------------

You have received this e-mail bulletin as a result of your organisation's
registration with AusCERT. The mailing list you are subscribed to is
maintained within your organisation, so if you do not wish to continue
receiving these bulletins you should contact your local IT manager. If
you do not know who that is, please send an email to auscert@auscert.org.au
and we will forward your request to the appropriate person.

NOTE: Third Party Rights
This security bulletin is provided as a service to AusCERT's members.  As
AusCERT did not write the document quoted above, AusCERT has had no control
over its content. The decision to follow or act on information or advice
contained in this security bulletin is the responsibility of each user or
organisation, and should be considered in accordance with your organisation's
site policies and procedures. AusCERT takes no responsibility for consequences
which may arise from following or acting on information or advice contained in
this security bulletin.

NOTE: This is only the original release of the security bulletin.  It may
not be updated when updates to the original are made.  If downloading at
a later date, it is recommended that the bulletin is retrieved directly
from the author's website to ensure that the information is still current.

Contact information for the authors of the original document is included
in the Security Bulletin above.  If you have any questions or need further
information, please contact them directly.

Previous advisories and external security bulletins can be retrieved from:


Australian Computer Emergency Response Team
The University of Queensland
Qld 4072

Internet Email: auscert@auscert.org.au
Facsimile:      (07) 3365 7031
Telephone:      (07) 3365 4417 (International: +61 7 3365 4417)
                AusCERT personnel answer during Queensland business hours
                which are GMT+10:00 (AEST).
                On call after hours for member emergencies only.
Comment: http://www.auscert.org.au/render.html?it=1967