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             AUSCERT External Security Bulletin Redistribution

                  Emerson ROC800 Multiple Vulnerabilities
                              3 December 2014


        AusCERT Security Bulletin Summary

Product:           Emerson Process Management RTU
Publisher:         ICS-CERT
Operating System:  Network Appliance
Impact/Access:     Root Compromise                 -- Remote/Unauthenticated
                   Execute Arbitrary Code/Commands -- Remote/Unauthenticated
                   Create Arbitrary Files          -- Remote/Unauthenticated
                   Reduced Security                -- Remote/Unauthenticated
Resolution:        Patch/Upgrade
CVE Names:         CVE-2013-2810 CVE-2013-0694 CVE-2013-0693
                   CVE-2013-0692 CVE-2013-0689 

Original Bulletin: 

- --------------------------BEGIN INCLUDED TEXT--------------------

Advisory (ICSA-13-259-01A)

Emerson ROC800 Multiple Vulnerabilities (Update A)

Original release date: December 02, 2014

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This updated advisory is a follow-up to the original advisory titled
ICSA-13-259-01 Emerson ROC800 Multiple Vulnerabilities that was published
September 26, 2013, on the NCCIC/ICS-CERT web site.

This advisory provides mitigation details for multiple vulnerabilities
affecting the Emerson Process Management's ROC800 remote terminal units
(RTUs) products (ROC800, ROC800L, and DL8000).

- --------- Begin Update A Part 1 of 3 --------
Researchers Dillon Beresford, Brian Meixell, Marc Ayala, and Eric Forner,
formally of Cimation, have identified multiple vulnerabilities in Emerson
Process Management's ROC800 RTU products. Emerson Process Management has
produced a patch that mitigates these vulnerabilities. The researchers
have tested the patch to validate that it resolves the vulnerabilities
being patched.
- --------- End Update A Part 1 of 3 ----------
These vulnerabilities can be exploited remotely.


The following Emerson Process Management RTUs are affected:

    ROC800 Version 3.50 and prior,
    DL8000 Version 2.30 and prior, and
    ROC800L Version 1.20 and prior.


An attacker who exploits these vulnerabilities could disable the device,
compromise the device integrity, and remotely execute code on the target

Impact to individual organizations depends on many factors that are unique
to each organization. ICS-CERT recommends that organizations evaluate the
impact of these vulnerabilities based on their operational environment,
architecture, and product implementation.


Emerson Process Management is a global manufacturing and technology company
offering multiple products and services in the industrial, commercial, and
consumer markets through its network power, process management, industrial
automation, climate technologies, and tools and storage businesses.

The affected product, the ROC800 RTU, can perform many PLC-like functions
for controlling devices. It is widely used in oil and gas pipelines, but can
also be used as a general purpose controller in other applications. Emerson
Process Management estimates that these products are used primarily in
the United States and Europe with a small percentage in Asia.




In the case of the ROC800 RTU, there are three separate hidden functionality
vulnerabilities that are described below. Each of these hidden capabilities
increases the attack surface for the device and can be exploited by an


The ROC800 RTU runs the ENEA OSE operating system. The kernel running on
the ROC800 device broadcasts a network beacon allowing easier detection of
the OSE Debug vulnerability. This vulnerability could be exploited remotely.

CVE-2013-0693[b] has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS
v2 base score of 10.0 has been assigned; the CVSS vector string is


The ROC800 RTU kernel has a port available for attaching a debug tool. A
device with a running debug service allows debuggers to attach and remotely
debug code on the device and is intended to be enabled, only on development
systems and never on a production device. An attacker can remotely attach to
the device and alter memory, registers, process states, and ultimately have
full control of the device. This vulnerability could be exploited remotely.

CVE-2013-0692[d] has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS
v2 base score of 10.0 has been assigned; the CVSS vector string is


A TFTP server is available on the ROC800 RTU. A TFTP service is used
for transferring files to a network attached device. The issue with the
existence of this service is that arbitrary files can potentially be
uploaded. This vulnerability could be exploited remotely.

CVE-2013-0689 [f] has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS
v2 base score of 10.0 has been assigned; the CVSS vector string is


Hard-coded accounts with passwords have been discovered in the ROC800
ROM. An attacker could have access to the operating system command shell
and/or obtain authentication information for all ROC800 devices. These
vulnerabilities could be exploited remotely.

CVE-2013-0694[i] has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS
v2 base score of 9.0 has been assigned; the CVSS vector string is

- --------- Begin Update A Part 2 of 3 --------


A TCP replay attack could be executed on the ROC800 causing it to execute
commands that are not intended by the user.

CVE-2013-2810[l] has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS
v2 base score of 10.0 has been assigned; the CVSS vector string is

- --------- End Update A Part 2 of 3 ----------



All the vulnerabilities described in this advisory are remotely exploitable
and can be used by an attacker to compromise the ROC800 device to varying
degrees, including several that can result in the complete compromise of
the device.


No known public exploits specifically target these vulnerabilities.


An attacker with a low skill would be able to exploit these vulnerabilities.


The best mitigation for these vulnerabilities is to install the vendor
patch. The Emerson Process Management patch is available via the following
web link of which a user name and password is required:


- --------- Begin Update A Part 3 of 3 --------

Emerson has identified and verified that a third-party secure router,
the Moxa EDR-810, mitigates the identified vulnerabilities when used in
combination with the ROC800 platform. Emerson asserts that by adding the
EDR-810 between the host and the field device it is virtually impossible
for an attacker to eavesdrop on communications or falsify commands.

The EDR-810 is a highly integrated industrial multiport secure router with
Firewall/NAT/VPN. The compatibility of the EDR-810 with the ROC800 platform
has been tested and verified by Emerson Remote Automation Solutions. Emerson
has determined that the EDR-810 is suitable for field installation. The
EDR-810 uses IPSec server or client mode for encryption and authentication
of all IP packets at the network layer to ensure confidentiality and
sender authentication.

Additional information about the Moxa EDR-810 secure router is available
at the following location:


- --------- End Update A Part 3 of 3 ----------

ICS-CERT encourages asset owners to take additional defensive measures to
protect against this and other cybersecurity risks.

    Minimize network exposure for all control system devices and/or systems,
    and ensure that they are not accessible from the Internet.
    Locate control system networks and remote devices behind firewalls,
    and isolate them from the business network.
    When remote access is required, use secure methods, such as Virtual
    Private Networks (VPNs), recognizing that VPNs may have vulnerabilities
    and should be updated to the most current version available. Also
    recognize that VPN is only as secure as the connected devices.

ICS-CERT also provides a section for control systems
security recommended practices on the ICS-CERT web page at:
http://ics-cert.us-cert.gov/content/recommended-practices. Several
recommended practices are available for reading and download, including
Improving Industrial Control Systems Cybersecurity with Defense-in-Depth
Strategies. ICS-CERT reminds organizations to perform proper impact analysis
and risk assessment prior to deploying defensive measures.

Additional mitigation guidance and recommended practices are
publicly available in the ICS-CERT Technical Information Paper,
ICS-TIP-12-146-01B--Targeted Cyber Intrusion Detection and Mitigation
Strategies, that is available for download from the ICS-CERT web site

Organizations observing any suspected malicious activity should follow their
established internal procedures and report their findings to ICS-CERT for
tracking and correlation against other incidents.

    a. CWE-912: Hidden Functionality,
    http://cwe.mitre.org/data/definitions/912.html, web site last accessed
    September 26, 2013.
    b. NVD, http://web.nvd.nist.gov/view/vuln/detail?vulnId=CVE-2013-0693,
    web site last accessed December 02, 2014.
    c. CVSS Calculator,
    web site last accessed September 26, 2013.
    d. NVD, http://web.nvd.nist.gov/view/vuln/detail?vulnId=CVE-2013-0692,
    web site last accessed December 02, 2014.
    e. CVSS Calculator,
    web site last accessed September 26, 2013.
    f. NVD, http://web.nvd.nist.gov/view/vuln/detail?vulnId=CVE-2013-0689,
    web site last accessed December 02, 2014.
    g. CVSS Calculator,
    web site last accessed September 26, 2013.
    h. CWE-798: Use of Hard-coded Credentials,
    http://cwe.mitre.org/data/definitions/798.html, web site last accessed
    September 26, 2013.
    i. NVD, http://web.nvd.nist.gov/view/vuln/detail?vulnId=CVE-2013-0694,
    web site last accessed December 02, 2014.
    j. CVSS Calculator,
    web site last accessed September 26, 2013.
    k. CWE-294: Authentication Bypass by Capture-replay,
    http://cwe.mitre.org/data/definitions/294.html, web site last accessed
    December 02, 2014.
    l. NVD, http://web.nvd.nist.gov/view/vuln/detail?vulnId=CVE-2013-2810,
    NIST uses this advisory to create the CVE web site report. This web
    site will be active sometime after publication of this advisory.
    m. CVSS Calculator,
    web site last accessed December 02, 2014.

Contact Information

For any questions related to this report, please contact ICS-CERT at:

Email: ics-cert@hq.dhs.gov
Toll Free: 1-877-776-7585
International Callers: (208) 526-0900

For industrial control systems security information and incident reporting:

ICS-CERT continuously strives to improve its products and services. You
can help by choosing one of the links below to provide feedback about
this product.

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