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AUSCERT External Security Bulletin Redistribution
Advisory (icsa-19-344-02) Siemens SiNVR 3
11 December 2019
AusCERT Security Bulletin Summary
Product: Siemens SiNVR 3
Operating System: Network Appliance
Impact/Access: Access Privileged Data -- Remote/Unauthenticated
Read-only Data Access -- Remote/Unauthenticated
Unauthorised Access -- Remote/Unauthenticated
CVE Names: CVE-2019-18342 CVE-2019-18341 CVE-2019-18340
CVE-2019-18339 CVE-2019-18338 CVE-2019-18337
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ICS Advisory (ICSA-19-344-02)
Siemens SiNVR 3
Original release date: December 10, 2019
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1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
o CVSS v3 9.9
o ATTENTION: Exploitable remotely/low skill level to exploit
o Vendor: Siemens
o Equipment: SiNVR 3
o Vulnerabilities: Cleartext Storage of Sensitive Information in GUI,
Improper Authentication, Relative Path Traversal, Missing Authentication
for Critical Function, Weak Cryptography for Passwords, Exposed Dangerous
Method or Function
2. RISK EVALUATION
Successful exploitation of these vulnerabilities could allow an attacker to
read (and reset) passwords of other SiNVR 3 CCS (Central Control Server) users,
read the CCS and SiNVR users database including the passwords of all users in
obfuscated cleartext, list arbitrary directories or read files outside of the
CCS application context, extract device configuration files and passwords from
the user database, read data from the EDIR directory, read or delete arbitrary
files, or access other resources on the same CCS server.
3. TECHNICAL DETAILS
3.1 AFFECTED PRODUCTS
The following versions of SiNVR 3, a video management solution, are affected:
o SiNVR 3 Central Control Server (CCS): all versions
o SiNVR 3 Video Server: all versions
3.2 VULNERABILITY OVERVIEW
3.2.1 CLEARTEXT STORAGE OF SENSITIVE INFORMATION IN GUI CWE-317
The user configuration menu in the web interface of the SiNVR 3 CCS transfers
user passwords in cleartext to the client (browser).
CVE-2019-13947 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of
4.9 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is ( AV:N/AC:L/PR:H/UI:N/S:U/
3.2.2 IMPROPER AUTHENTICATION CWE-287
The SiNVR 3 CCS contains an authentication bypass vulnerability in its
XML-based communication protocol as provided by default on specific ports.
CVE-2019-18337 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of
9.8 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is ( AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/
3.2.3 RELATIVE PATH TRAVERSAL CWE-23
The SiNVR 3 CCS contains a directory traversal vulnerability in its XML-based
communication protocol as provided by default on specific ports.
CVE-2019-18338 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of
7.7 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is ( AV:N/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:C/
3.2.4 MISSING AUTHENTICATION FOR CRITICAL FUNCTION CWE-306
The HTTP service (default specific port) of the SiNVR 3 Video Server contains
an authentication bypass vulnerability, even when properly configured with
CVE-2019-18339 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of
9.8 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is ( AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/
3.2.5 WEAK CRYPTOGRAPHY FOR PASSWORDS CWE-261
Both the SiNVR 3 Video Server and the CCS store user and device passwords by
applying weak cryptography.
CVE-2019-18340 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of
5.5 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is ( AV:L/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/
3.2.6 IMPROPER AUTHENTICATION CWE-287
The SFTP service (default specific port) of the SiNVR 3 CCS contains an
authentication bypass vulnerability.
CVE-2019-18341 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of
5.3 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is ( AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/
3.2.7 EXPOSED DANGEROUS METHOD OR FUNCTION CWE-749
The SFTP service (default specific port) of the SiNVR 3 CCS does not properly
limit its capabilities to the specified purpose.
CVE-2019-18342 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of
9.9 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is ( AV:N/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:C/
o CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE SECTORS: Commercial Facilities
o COUNTRIES/AREAS DEPLOYED: Worldwide
o COMPANY HEADQUARTERS LOCATION: Germany
Raphael Rigo from Airbus Security Lab reported these vulnerabilities to
Siemens has identified the following specific workarounds and mitigations users
can apply to reduce the risk:
o General - Apply ACL/firewall configuration on the SiNVR Video and CCS
servers to ensure only legitimate SiNVR systems can access the configured
Video/CCS server ports. Harden all SiNVR systems accordingly to prevent
unauthorized access. Consider applying encryption and authentication on the
network (e.g., via TLS on application level or via IPSec on host level).
o CVE-2019-18338, CVE-2019-18341, CVE-2019-18342: Limit the access of the CCS
server application to other applications that are not part of it.
o CVE-2019-18339: SiNVR deployments with active CCS should ensure that every
SiNVR server and client has the Authorization Server set to "Control Center
Server" (Configuration -> Appearance -> Desktop -> Authorization Server).
o CVE-2019-18340: Harden the SiNVR Video servers and CCS server to prevent
local access by unauthorized users.
o CVE-2019-13947: Disable the web interface of CCS if not used.
Alternatively, restrict access from localhost only, or only to trusted
hosts of CCS administrators. Enable TLS for the web interface of CCS.
As a general security measure, Siemens strongly recommends protecting network
access to devices with appropriate mechanisms. In order to operate the devices
in a protected IT environment, Siemens recommends configuring the environment
according to Siemens' operational guidelines for industrial security and to
following the recommendations in the product manuals.
Additional information on industrial security by Siemens can be found at:
For more information on these vulnerabilities and more detailed mitigation
instructions, please see Siemens security advisory SSA-761617 at the following
CISA recommends users take defensive measures to minimize the risk of
exploitation of this vulnerability. Specifically, users should:
o Minimize network exposure for all control system devices and/or systems,
and ensure that they are not accessible from the Internet .
o Locate control system networks and remote devices behind firewalls, and
isolate them from the business network.
o When remote access is required, use secure methods, such as Virtual Private
Networks (VPNs), recognizing that VPNs may have vulnerabilities and should
be updated to the most current version available. Also recognize that VPN
is only as secure as the connected devices.
CISA reminds organizations to perform proper impact analysis and risk
assessment prior to deploying defensive measures.
CISA also provides a section for control systems security recommended practices
on the ICS webpage on us-cert.gov . Several recommended practices are available
for reading and download, including Improving Industrial Control Systems
Cybersecurity with Defense-in-Depth Strategies .
Additional mitigation guidance and recommended practices are publicly available
on the ICS webpage on us-cert.gov in the Technical Information Paper,
ICS-TIP-12-146-01B--Targeted Cyber Intrusion Detection and Mitigation
Organizations observing any suspected malicious activity should follow their
established internal procedures and report their findings to CISA for tracking
and correlation against other incidents.
No known public exploits specifically target these vulnerabilities.
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