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             AUSCERT External Security Bulletin Redistribution

   Siemens RuggedCom ROS and ROX-based Devices TLS POODLE Vulnerability
                               22 July 2015


        AusCERT Security Bulletin Summary

Product:           Siemens RuggedCom ROS and ROX devices
Publisher:         US-CERT
Operating System:  Network Appliance
Impact/Access:     Access Privileged Data -- Remote with User Interaction
                   Unauthorised Access    -- Remote with User Interaction
Resolution:        Patch/Upgrade
CVE Names:         CVE-2015-5537  

Original Bulletin: 

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Advisory (ICSA-15-202-03)

Siemens RuggedCom ROS and ROX-based Devices TLS POODLE Vulnerability

Original release date: July 21, 2015

Legal Notice

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is governed by the Traffic Light Protocol (TLP) marking in the header. For 
more information about TLP, see http://www.us-cert.gov/tlp/.


Siemens has reported to NCCIC/ICS-CERT that a Transport Layer Security (TLS) 
Padding Oracle On Downgraded Legacy Encryption (POODLE) vulnerability exists 
in the web interface of Siemens RuggedCom ROS and ROX-based devices. Siemens 
has produced a firmware update to mitigate this vulnerability.

This vulnerability could be exploited remotely.


The following Siemens RuggedCom ROS versions are affected:

    RuggedCom devices with ROS: All firmware versions prior to v4.2.0

    RuggedCom devices with ROX: All firmware versions prior to v2.6.3


Successful exploitation of this vulnerability may allow attackers to hijack an
active web session and access administrative functions on the devices without
proper authorization or allow unprivileged users to perform privilege 

Impact to individual organizations depends on many factors that are unique to
each organization. ICS-CERT recommends that organizations evaluate the impact
of this vulnerability based on their operational environment, architecture, 
and product implementation.


Siemens is an international company headquartered in Munich, Germany.

The affected products, Siemens RuggedCom ROS and ROX-based devices, are used 
to connect devices that operate in harsh environments such as electric utility
substations and traffic control cabinets. According to Siemens, RuggedCom ROS
and ROX-based devices are deployed across several sectors including Energy, 
Healthcare and Public Health, and Transportation Systems. Siemens estimates 
that these products are used worldwide.




The web interface (Port 443/TCP) of the affected devices is vulnerable to a 
padding oracle attack (also known as TLS POODLE). A remote attacker in a 
privileged network position could possibly recover parts of the plain text if
unsuspecting users are misled to click on a malicious link.

CVE-2015-5537 [b] has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v2 base 
score of 4.3 has been assigned; the CVSS vector string is 
(AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:P/I:N/A:N). [c]



Exploitation of this vulnerability could allow remote attackers to recover 
parts of the plaintext of an encrypted connection under certain circumstances.
This vulnerability can be staged remotely but cannot be exploited without user
interaction. The exploit is only triggered when a local user voluntarily 
interacts with the attack mechanism.


No known public exploits specifically target this vulnerability.


Crafting a working exploit for this vulnerability would be difficult. Social 
engineering is required to convince the user to accept the malformed file. 
Additional user interaction is needed to load the malformed file. This 
decreases the likelihood of a successful exploit.


Siemens has produced a firmware update v4.2.0 for ROS-based devices, which 
fixes the vulnerability.

The firmware updates for the affected products can be obtained online at:


Call a local hotline center:


Asset owners and operators should contact Siemens customer support to acquire
the update.

For more information on this vulnerability and detailed instructions, please 
see Siemens Security Advisory SSA-396873 at the following location:


ICS-CERT recommends that users take defensive measures to minimize the risk of
exploitation of these vulnerabilities. Specifically, users should:

Minimize network exposure for all control system devices and/or systems, 
and ensure that they are not accessible from the Internet.

Locate control system networks and remote devices behind firewalls, and 
isolate them from the business network.

When remote access is required, use secure methods, such as Virtual 
Private Networks (VPNs), recognizing that VPNs may have vulnerabilities and 
should be updated to the most current version available. Also recognize that 
VPN is only as secure as the connected devices.

ICS-CERT reminds organizations to perform proper impact analysis and risk 
assessment prior to deploying defensive measures.

ICS-CERT also provides a section for control systems security recommended 
practices on the ICS-CERT web page at: 
http://ics-cert.us-cert.gov/content/recommended-practices. Several recommended
practices are available for reading and download, including Improving 
Industrial Control Systems Cybersecurity with Defense-in-Depth Strategies.

Additional mitigation guidance and recommended practices are publicly 
available in the ICSCERT Technical Information Paper, 
ICS-TIP-12-146-01B--Targeted Cyber Intrusion Detection and Mitigation 
Strategies, that is available for download from the ICS-CERT web site 

Organizations observing any suspected malicious activity should follow their 
established internal procedures and report their findings to ICS-CERT for 
tracking and correlation against other incidents.

In addition, ICS-CERT recommends that users take the following measures to 
protect themselves from social engineering attacks:

Do not click web links or open unsolicited attachments in email messages.

Refer to Recognizing and Avoiding Email Scams [d] for more information on 
avoiding email scams.

Refer to Avoiding Social Engineering and Phishing Attacks [e] for more 
information on social engineering attacks.

a. CWE-310: Cryptographic Issues, 
http://cwe.mitre.org/data/definitions/310.html, web site last accessed July 
21, 2015.

b. NVD, http://web.nvd.nist.gov/view/vuln/detail?vulnId=CVE-2015-5537, 
NIST uses this advisory to create the CVE web site report. This web site will
be active sometime after publication of this advisory.

c. CVSS Calculator, 
http://nvd.nist.gov/cvss.cfm?version=2&vector=AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:P/I:N/A:N, web
site last accessed July 21, 2015.

d. Recognizing and Avoiding Email Scams, 
http://www.us-cert.gov/reading_room/emailscams_0905.pdf, web site last 
accessed July 21, 2015.

e. National Cyber Alert System Cyber Security Tip ST04-014, 
http://www.us-cert.gov/cas/tips/ST04-014.html, web site last accessed July 21,

Contact Information

For any questions related to this report, please contact ICS-CERT at:

Email: ics-cert@hq.dhs.gov

Toll Free: 1-877-776-7585

International Callers: (208) 526-0900

For industrial control systems security information and incident reporting: 

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